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Parotid gland surgery SlideShare

When surgery is necessary, Parotidectomy is the removal of the parotid gland. The paratoid is usually removed because of a tumor, a chronic infection, or a blocked saliva gland, during surgery great care must be taken to avoid damage to the facial nerve within this gland that moves the muscles face including the mouth and eye Parotid gland 1. Head and Neck Parotid Gland Prof Dr. Mohamed El Fiky Associate professor of anatomy 2. Site, Shape, and Extension of Parotid Gland It is the largest of the salivary glands. Position: This is a wedge-shaped gland which lies below the auricle, between the ramus of the mandible and sternomastoid Slideshow search results for salivary glands. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreementand Privacy Policy

A parotidectomy is the surgical removal of part or all of the parotid gland. The operation is performed under general anaesthetic, which means that you will be asleep throughout. An incision (cut) will be made which runs from in front of your ear and down into your neck. This incision heals very well indeed; the incision is nearly the same as. Background: Prospective studies on procedure-specific incidences of complications after benign parotid surgery are lacking. Predictive factors for postoperative facial dysfunction remain controversial. Methods: We conducted a prospective study on 132 patients undergoing parotid surgery for benign parotid neoplasms. We analyzed complication rates and assessed risk factors of postoperative transient facial palsy By performing only a partial superficial parotidectomy, we probably preserve the connection between the auriculotemporal nerve and the facial nerve. By suturing the remainder of the parotid gland tissue and the superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) back to the sternocleidomastoid muscle, an interposition is made Parotidectomy is a major surgical procedure to remove the parotid gland (shaded blue in the image) which is one of 2 major salivary glands found in the human body. The most common reason to remove this gland is due to an abnormal mass contained within. The mass itself can be found anywhere within the parotid gland or advanced stage parotid cancer, surgeons should perform at least a superficial parotidectomy with consideration of a total or subtotal parotidectomy for any high-grade or advanced (T3 - T4) parotid cancer. Evidence-based Evidence Quality Strength of Recommendation Intermediate Stron

After parotidectomy, a barrier needs to be reconstructed to prevent the salivary nerves and sweat glands from making contact with one another. If this barrier is created, the risk of Frey's Syndrome is virtually eliminated. However, this is not a part of most traditional parotid surgery. Keywords: Gustatory - taste and/or related to tastin http://www.amazon.com/dp/1416059512/ref=as_li_ss_til?tag=lifeisbettewi-20&camp=0&creative=0&linkCode=as4&creativeASIN=1416059512&adid=1KC321S87GNCVYD8F0YEhtt.. The parotid gland wraps around the back of your lower jaw. From there, saliva travels through a tube called the parotid duct. The saliva dumps out from the end of the duct and into your mouth. The parotid duct can become blocked for different reasons. When this happens, the area can become inflamed The major salivary glands, three pairs in total, are found in and around your mouth and throat. The major salivary glands are the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. The parotid glands are located in front and beneath the ear. A duct, called Stensen's duct, drains saliva from the parotid gland into the mouth, at the area of the upper cheeks

Parotid gland surgery. The parotid salivary gland is situated in the face, in front of and below the ear. Swelling in the parotid gland is often due to infection or a benign or malignant tumour. The facial nerve which supplies the facial muscles runs through the parotid gland. The facial muscles control movement of the face, including mouth and eye Parotid Gland Surgery - YouTube. 「エレクトロスピニング」のスローモーション映像. Watch later. Share. Copy link. Info. Shopping. Tap to unmute. If playback doesn't begin.

Parotid gland surgery Concerning that it is related to several important anatomical structures, the parotid gland has a special place in the world of surgery. The main goal in the surgical procedures that involve the parotid gland is to avoid injuring of the facial nerve, external carotid artery, auriculotemporal nerve and retromandibular vein To access the parotid gland, surgeons make an incision near the ear. During the operation, special care is taken to avoid damage to nearby structures, such as the facial nerve that runs through the parotid gland. The facial nerve controls facial movement, so stretching or cutting the nerve can cause partial or complete paralysis of the face that can be temporary or permanent. If the facial nerve must be cut in order to remove all of the tumor, surgeons can repair it using nerves from other. Parotid gland surgery. Parotid gland tumors are the most common type of salivary gland tumor. There are 2 types of parotid gland tumors: A superficial parotid gland tumor develops in the part of the gland that's over your facial nerve. A deep lobe parotid gland tumor develops in the part of the gland that's under your facial nerve Parotid Surgery or a parotidectomy is a complex surgery to remove tumors in the largest of the salivary glands. These glands are located below the ears and are responsible for producing saliva which enters your mouth through a duct behind your teeth. While most tumors of the parotid are non-cancerous, some may be malignant so it's important.

Salivary surgery - SlideShar

Parotid Gland - Applied Anatomy and Surgical Considerations - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Presentation on anatomy of parotid gland and surgical approache They account for about 3% of all tumors. Approximately 80% of salivary tumors arise in the parotid gland, 5% arise in the submandibular gland, 1% arise in the sublingual gland, and 10% to 15% arise in the minor salivary glands. Most (70% to 80%) of these tumors occur in the superficial lobe of the parotid gland further surgery. Nerve damage is possible. The great auricular nerve that supplies feeling to your ear lobe sometimes needs to be removed to be able to reach the parotid gland. As a result you may have a numb or tingling feeling in your earlobe. The facial nerve, which makes the muscles of the face work, runs through the parotid gland Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint - Beautifully designed chart and diagram s for PowerPoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience The parotid gland is a major salivary gland in many animals. In humans, the two parotid glands are present on either side of the mouth and in front of both ears.They are the largest of the salivary glands. Each parotid is wrapped around the mandibular ramus, and secretes serous saliva through the parotid duct into the mouth, to facilitate mastication and swallowing and to begin the digestion.

  1. Parotid gland surgery. Most salivary gland tumors occur in the parotid gland. Surgery here is complicated by the fact that the facial nerve, which controls movement on the same side of the face, passes through the gland. For these operations, an incision (cut) is made in the skin in front of the ear and may extend down to the neck. Most parotid.
  2. This study was conducted at an academic tertiary referral centre specialising in salivary gland diseases (Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Erlangen, Germany). The records of all patients treated for primary PA of the parotid gland between 2006 and 2020 were studied retrospectively
  3. The salivary glands arise as buds from The epithelial lining of the mouth; the parotid appears during the fourth week In the angle between the maxillary process and the mandibular arch Opening of parotid duct indicates position of angle of primitive mouth 3. Sternomastoid Ramus of mandible Parotid region Ext. acoustic meatus 4

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further surgery. Nerve damage is possible. The great auricular nerve that supplies feeling to your ear lobe sometimes needs to be removed to be able to reach the parotid gland. As a result you may have a numb or tingling feeling in your earlobe. The facial nerve, which makes the muscles of the face work, runs through the parotid gland Parotid Gland Surgery. Deep lobe parotidectomies, or revision cases, can benefit from having the branches of the facial nerve monitored individually. Use 1699-00 electrodes inserted into the muscles as shown. The needles must be located in the muscle proper and not simply under the skin. Use 2 single 1705-00 reference electrodes inserted into.

salivary gland and saliva darpan

The parotid glands are the largest salivary glands and located on either side of the cheek in front part of the ear to the mid cheek and from the cheekbone to the lower edge of the jaw. Critical in surgery is preservation of the facial nerve that exits the skull below the ear and passes into and through the parotid gland as it divides into about five branches that go on to and innervate the. Removal of Parotid Gland. The parotid gland is a salivary gland that lies immediately in front of the ear. Saliva drains from it through a tube that opens on the inside of the cheek next to the upper back teeth. The parotid gland is most commonly operated on to remove a lump

01 salivary gland tumors

Salivary Gland Surgery . Salivary glands make the saliva in your mouth to prevent your mouth drying out and to aid the first stages of food digestion. Salivary glands have small ducts through which the saliva travels to the mouth. The most common problem with salivary glands is swelling and/or infection due to obstruction of the salivary ducts Salivary Glands. Salivary glands make saliva to moisten the mouth and aid in digestion and speaking. Masses or abnormal swelling of the salivary glands are fairly common and can be benign, cancerous, or inflammatory. Here we will talk about the parotid, submandibular, and minor salivary glands. The parotid glands are the largest salivary glands I had a large parotid tumor that needed to be removed and I saw four different specialists before I finally felt comfortable with Dr. Osborne and his team. They did a great job and I am now healing nicely. I would recommend Dr. Osborne anyone who is in need of a parotid gland surgery. Post a Comment. Read more

Parotid Surgery - ENT U

And while salivary gland surgery is a unique surgery, anyone can benefit from learning about others' pre and post-op experiences to get a general idea of what to expect from a surgical procedure. Pre-Op Panic Mode. As a self-proclaimed hypochondriac, I was somewhat relieved to learn that the grape-sized bubble on my inner lip was just a. The parotid gland consists of two lobes: the superficial lobe and the deep lobe. Accordingly, parotidectomy is of two types: Superficial parotidectomy: Surgery to remove a tumor in the superficial lobe. Total parotidectomy: Surgery to remove a tumor in the deep lobe or both the deep and superficial lobes. The incision for both types of parotidectomy begins at the front of the ear and follows. Parotid Lymph Nodes 15-20 parotid regional nodes Paraglandular - intraglandular Number lymph nodes superficial lobe > number lymph nodes deep lobe 28 Parotid Lymph Nodes Mean ± SD Range Superficial lobe 7.6±3.4 3-19 Deep lobe 2.3±1.8 0- Salivary gland tumours are uncommon, making up around 6% of head and neck tumours.They have a wide range of presentations and can be either benign or malignant. The malignant form will often affect the older patient, whilst benign salivary gland tumours have a peak onset at 40 years of age.The proportion of benign and malignant tumours between the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands. The parotid gland is the most frequent site - about 70% of cases. About 80% of parotid tumo rs are benign and 64 to 80% of all primary salivary gland epithelial tumors involve the paro tid gland, mostly located in the superficial lobe [5]. Oncocytic neoplasms comprise a group of rare tumours of the parotid glands, and thei

Introduction. Anatomy. Disorders of glands. Clinical approach. Surgical aspect. Salivary glands: are composed of 4 major glands, in addition to minor glands. Major: 2 parotid glands. 2subma nd-ibular gland Minor: Sublingual. Multiple minor glands. Important structure that run through the parotid gland: 1.Branch of facial nerve. 2.Terminal branch of external carotid artery that divided into. Treatment for salivary gland disorders depends on the disease type and how advanced it is. For example, if you have a mass in your salivary gland, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the. Salivary Gland Surgery Submandibular Gland Surgery. Submandibular salivary gland surgery is indicated to treat tumours, cysts, persistent blockages (sialolithiasis), drooling and chronic infections (sialadenitis) of the submandibular glands that are unresponsive to conservative treatments Most people who have salivary gland cancer only need to have the salivary gland removed. But in rare cases, the cancer grows into the bone, or deeper into the surrounding tissue. If this has happened, you may need surgery to remove the cancer and rebuild your mouth or jaw. This is called reconstructive surgery

Offering unparalleled coverage of this key area, Surgery of the Salivary Glands provides an in-depth, authoritative review of salivary gland disease and treatment.International experts from otolaryngology-head and neck surgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, and many other disciplines discuss all aspects of surgery and medicine, including anatomy, physiology, histology, pathology, imaging. Parotid gland. The parotid gland is the largest salivary gland, usually palpable in the pre-auricular region against the ramus of the mandible. It contains the facial nerve and the external carotid artery with their terminal branches, in addition to the retromandibular vein, autonomic nerves and the surgically important parotid lymph nodes

Parotid sialoliths are managed in a similar fashion. Figure legend: Salivary glands and their ducts. Dissection showing the sublingual, submandibular (submaxillary), and parotid glands. Deep lateral view of the lingual region with the body and part of the ramus of the mandible cut away to expose the glands and related structures Surgery of the minor salivary glands: consists of making a cut in the area where the gland is located to access it and remove the tumor, the soft tissue and the area of affected bone. In all surgeries, the area is closed with sutures once the affected tissue is removed. In some cases, it may be necessary to put temporary drains to remove fluids. Malignant mixed tumors of salivary gland origin are rare, accounting for <1% of overall tumors of the salivary glands. 1 They can be divided into three general categories, the first two of which. The main duct of the parotid gland drains into the oral cavity opposite the second maxillary molar, while the ducts of submandibular and sublingual glands empty in the floor of the mouth. At times, heterotopic salivary gland tissue may be present in lymph nodes near or within the parotid gland. Histologically, the salivary glands are. The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology (MSRSGC) was developed by an international consortium of experts and endorsed by the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) and the International Academy of Cytology (IAC) The effort started in September 2015 in Milan and the atlas was published in 2018

Salivary gland pathology

Complications after surgery for benign parotid gland

Introduction and Anatomy. The parotid glands are the largest salivary glands in humans and are frequently involved in disease processes. Approximately 25% of parotid masses are nonneoplastic; the remaining 75% are neoplastic. Nonneoplastic causes of parotid enlargement include cysts, parotitis, lymphoepithelial lesions associated with AIDS. Parotid gland cancer is frequently curable, especially when caught in early stages. Treatment is typically surgery, which may be followed by radiation therapy. Chemotherapy can be effective in treating later stage cancers. Emergencies related to parotid gland cancer are rare; however, parotid gland cancers are known to cause serious symptoms The salivary glands make saliva and release it into the mouth. There are three pairs of relatively large, major salivary glands: Parotid glands. Located in the upper part of each cheek, close to the ear. The duct of each parotid gland empties onto the inside of the cheek, near the molars of the upper jaw. Submandibular glands. Under the jaw

Salivary gland diseases (SGD) are multiple and varied in cause.. There are three paired major salivary glands in humans - (the parotid glands, the submandibular glands, and the sublingual glands), and about 800-1000 minor salivary glands in the mucosa of the mouth.The parotid gland is located in front of the ear, and it secretes its mostly serous saliva via the parotid duct (Stenson duct. Clinical Relevance: Disorders of the Parotid Gland Parotid Gland Tumours. The parotid gland is the most common site of a salivary gland tumour. These tumours are usually benign, such as an adenolymphoma.. In contrast, tumours of the submandibular and sublingual glands are less common, but more likely to be malignant.. Treatment usually involves surgical excision of the tumour and parotid gland. gland tumors are benign and can be treated with surgical excision. (Am Fam Physician. 2014;89(11):882-888. Copy- Evaluation of Patients with Suspected Salivary Gland Disorders Figure 1 Visual survey of surgical pathology with 11128 high-quality images of benign and malignant neoplasms & related entities. 110 slides Benign Neoplasms of Salivary Glands - II. Benign Neoplasms of Salivary Glands - II Malignant Neoplasms of Salivary Glands - III. Malignant Neoplasms of Salivary Glands - I

Infection []. Mumps is the most common cause of salivary gland infection, although with widespread immunisation its incidence has fallen. It usually causes bilateral swelling of the parotid glands, although it may be unilateral and the other major salivary glands may also be affected in about 10% of cases [2, 3].The swelling lasts around a week, accompanied by low-grade pyrexia and general. Salivary gland masses—or tumors—are rare, especially in children. The most notable symptom of salivary gland masses is firm, usually painless swelling in the salivary gland. The size of the swollen area gradually increases over time. Children with salivary gland masses may also have difficulty moving one side of the face Salivary gland tumors are rare in dogs and cats. The mandibular and parotid glands are most commonly affected. Older dogs and cats, Poodle and Spaniel breed dogs and Siamese breed cats, and male cats are at a higher risk for salivary gland tumors. The most commonly reported salivary gland tumor is the adenocarcinoma. Signs include swelling of the upper neck or ear base, halitosis, anorexia. parotid gland. Chondroma of the parotid gland is an extremely rare type of tumor that consists of benign mature cartilage arising in the parotid gland with no admixture of epithelial and myoepithelial components. We have found only 4 cases reported in the literature of purely cartilaginous tumors arising in the parotid gland STRUCTURE Lymph nodes are small, bean-shaped glands that are located along the lymphatic system (a system of vessels similar to arteries and veins through which lymph fluid travels). Lymph nodes are classified as secondary lymphoid organs, with the primary lymph organs being the thymus gland , tonsils, spleen , and bone marrow

Salivary gland neoplasms make up 6% of all head and neck tumors. [] The incidence of salivary gland neoplasms as a whole is approximately 5.5 cases per 100,000 individuals in the United States, with malignant neoplasms accounting for 0.9 cases per 100,000. [] Mortality from malignant salivary gland neoplasms varies by stage and pathology, but the overall 5-year survival rate is 72% Most masses in the parotid gland area are benign. When surgery is necessary, great care must be taken to avoid damage to the facial nerve which lies within this gland. When malignant masses are present in the parotid gland, it may be possible to surgically remove these masses and preserve most of the facial nerve 1. Olsen, KD (2018). Master Slide Set. Salivary Gland Disease and Treatment. Mayo Clinic Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, pp. 24-173. 2. Olsen, KD (2000). Carcinoma of the Major Salivary Glands. In KD Olsen, Salivary Gland Disease and Treatment (pp. 174-184) Some 80-90 per cent of calculi are found in the submandibular gland, 5-10 per cent in the parotid gland, and approximately 0-5 per cent in the sublingual and other minor salivary glands 8. Presentation typically consists of a painful swelling of the gland at meal times, when the effect of obstruction is most acute 9

Prevention of Frey syndrome in parotid gland surger

Parotidectomy (Parotid Surgery to Remove Mass/Tumor

Parotid Glands. 2 likes. This page is for people who want to find useful information about salivary glands in one place. Humans have three paired major salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, and.. Anatomy of parotid gland Dr Nadia umer O SlideShare utiliza cookies para otimizar a funcionalidade e o desempenho do site, assim como para apresentar publicidade mais relevante aos nossos usuários. Se você continuar a navegar o site, você aceita o uso de cookies passes right through the parotid gland. This makes the muscles of the face move and if it is damaged during the surgery can lead to a weakness of the face (facial palsy). In most cases the nerve works normally after the surgery. However sometimes (in about 15-20% of cases), where the tumour has been very close to the nerve, a temporar parotid tumor generally requires removing the parotid gland (parotidectomy). Parotid surgery is often performed through discrete incisions in the skin creases around and behind the ear. The surgery can be complicated because a nerve controlling facial movement runs through the gland. When malignant masses are present in the parotid gland, it.

Frey's Syndrome Treatment: What You Need to Know - Paroti

Parotid gland surgery: a retrospective review of 108 cases. Harney M(1), Walsh P, Conlon B, Hone S, Timon C. Author information: (1)Department of Otolaryngology, St. James's Hospital, Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. One hundred and eight parotidectomies performed by a single consultant were reviewed AN OVERVIEW TO SUBMANDIBULAR OR SUBLINGUAL GLAND SURGERY Salivary glands can be either major (large) or minor (small) (see picture below). • There are three pairs of major salivary glands - parotid, submandibular glands, and sublingual glands. • The submandibular glands lie under the jawbone, one on each side. They release saliva into th

Sialolithiasis and its management in oral andSalivary glands diseasesSalivary gland diseases

Parotid removal surgery, medically known as parotidectomy, is a surgical removal of the parotid gland. Usually, a parotidectomy will be recommended if the parotid gland is affected by a tumor, if it is infected or obstructing the flow of saliva. Some traumas to the head might also lead to parotid injuries that lead to a parotidectomy The mandibular and parotid salivary glands are reportedly the most commonly involved with neoplasia in dogs and cats. Mandibular gland adenocarcinoma carry a favorable prognosis with complete surgical removal if metastasis has not occurred. Preoperative chest radiographs and biopsy of the mandibular lymph nodes are indicated in these animals Preservation of the facial nerve (N.VII) is a key in parotid gland surgery. A technical adjunct that potentially enhances the contrast between N.VII and the adherent tumor tissue and allows to identify residual tumor tissue could be Fluorescein Sodium (FL, 10%, ALCON, Germany) and application of the YELLOW 560 nm filter of the operating microscope (YE, Carl Zeiss Meditec, Oberkochen) When tumors are removed from the parotid gland, this surgery is called a parotidectomy. A superficial parotidectomy involves the removal of all or part of the superficial—outer—lobe of the parotid gland. A total parotidectomy involves both the deep and superficial lobes of the gland. Both of these procedures require great precision to avoid.

Salivary glands disorders ii

Salivary gland cancers are rare and represent approximately 5% of all head and neck cancers and only 0.3% of all malignancies. The majority (75%) of salivary gland tumors occur in the parotid gland, and while benign lesions are more common, mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) makes up 40-50% of malignant parotid gland tumors Salivary glands produce saliva to moisten the mouth, help protect teeth from decay, and aide in the digestion of food. There are three major salivary glands in the mouth, the parotid, sumandibular, and sublingual glands. The saliva prodcued by these glands drain into the mouth through small ducts. Plus, in addition to the three major glands. Parotid gland tumor is typically initially managed with ablation therapy. Radiation therapy is indicated after surgery especially for high-grade lesions and non-resectable tumors. Radiotherapy improves the overall survival rate of patients as an adjunct management to surgery Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the salivary gland is believed to arise from pluripotent reserve cells of the excretory ducts that are capable of differentiating into squamous, columnar, and mucous cells. 1 Although MEC accounts for less than 10% of all tumors of the salivary gland, it constitutes approximately 30% of all malignant tumors of the salivary gland. 2 Among the major salivary.

Parotid gland removal is performed under general anaesthetic and can take up to two hours. Your surgeon will make an incision (cut) in front of your ear. The incision may be extended under your ear lobe and down the side of your neck. They will remove the swollen area and all or part of your parotid gland Abstract. Congenital parotid fistulas are extremely rare diseases. Herein, the authors report a patient with congenital salivary fistula from parotid main gland in a 15-year-old boy. Therefore, clinicians should consider the possibility of congenital parotid fistula form parotid main gland. Surgical excision of the fistula and parotid gland can. Salivary glands are important in production of saliva, which keeps the mouth moist and teeth healthy. Saliva also contains enzymes which help digest food. The parotid glands are the largest glands and are located under the skin in front of the ear overlying the jaw bone. The facial nerve, which controls actions such as raising the eybrow and.

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